Great bells of Europe
by weight

The table below lists 170 present or former great bells of continental Europe, in descending order by weight.  This region includes the island of Malta but excludes Russia and the British Isles, which are listed separately.  It includes the bass bells of the heaviest carillons and chimes.  Not yet included are many other great bells of France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Spain weighing between 4000 and 14000 kg. 

Below the table are comments and analysis by the compiler of this page.

Appearances indicate:
destroyed or recast
bass bell of a carillon
bass bell of a chime

(Chime-sized peals and zvons are not highlighted.)

"Nr" = sequence number, and also a link to the corresponding expanded description of the bell in either the Great Bells of Europe by Country or the Great Bells of Germany.  Bells of the same (estimated) weight share a sequence number, and are distinguished by a capital letter appended to it (e.g., 28A, 28B, 28C).


Nr. Place, name Weight Cast Lost Founder
1. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Kaiserglocke" ~27800 kg 1874 1918 Andreas Hamm
2. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Petersglocke" (bass bell of a peal) 24200 kg 1923   Heinrich Ulrich
3. Rovereto, Italy, "Maria Dolens" 22639 kg 1964   Paolo Capanni
4. Wien (Vienna), Austria, "Die Pummerin" 20132 kg 1951   Karl Geisz
5. Lisbon, Portugal, Cathedral ~20000 kg 1556   ?
6. Rouen, France, Cathedral, "Jeanne d'Arc" (#1) 20000 kg 1914 1944 Paccard
7. Paris, France, Basilique Sacré-Coeur de Montmartre, "la Savoyarde" 18835 kg 1891   Georg Paccard
8. Bruneck/Brunico, Italy, "Concordia 2000" 18100 kg 2002   F.Oberascher
9. Sens, France, Cathedrale St.Étienne, "la Savinienne" 16230 kg 1560   Gaspard Mongin-Viard
10. Tallinn, Estonia, Alexander Nevsky Orthodox Cathedral (bass bell of a zvon) 15665 kg 1898   Vassily Orlov
11. Stary Lichen, Poland, Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen, "Maryja Bogurodzica" ~15000 kg 1995?   ?
12. Bochum, Germany, Town Hall 14750 kg 1867   Bochumer Verein
13. Toledo, Spain, Cathedral, "San Eugenio" ~14564 kg 1753   Alejandro Gargollo
14. Salzburg, Austria, Cathedral, "Salvator" 14256 kg 1961   Oberascher
15. Neustadt, Germany, Stiftskirche 14000 kg 1949   Bochumer Verein
16. Sens, France, Cathedrale St.Étienne, "la Potentienne" 13660 kg c.1560   ?
17. Paderborn, Germany, Dom 13520 kg 2017   Eijsbouts
18. Praha (Prague), Czech Republic, St.Vitus Cathedral, "Sigismund" 13500 kg 1543
or 1548?
  Thomas Jarusch
19. Magdeburg, Germany, Cathedral, "Maxima" 13300 kg 1702   Johann Jacobi
20. Paris, France, Notre Dame Cathedral, "Emmanuel" 13281 kg 1685   Nicholas Chappelle & I.Gillot & E.Moreau
21. Messina, Italy, Tempio de Cristo Re 13200 kg 1935   Daciano Colbachini
22. Mount Athos, Greece, St.Panteleimon Monastery ~13000 kg c.1890   (Russian)
23. Sofia, Bulgaria, Alexander Nevski Cathedral 12000 kg ????   (unknown)
24. Frankfurt a/M, Germany, Dom (Cathedral) 11950 kg 1877   J. G. Grosse
25. Stary Lichen, Poland, Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen, "Josef" 11600 kg 2002   Felczyński
26. Dresden, Germany, Kreuzkirche 11510 kg 1899   Franz Schilling
27. Berg, Germany, Private estate 11460 kg 2003   Bachert
28. Erfurt, Germany, Cathedral, "Maria Gloriosa" 11450 kg 1497   Gerard van Wou
29A. Vatican City, St.Peter's Basilica ~11000 kg 1786   Guiseppe Valadrier
29B. Kiev, Ukraine, St.Sophia's Cathedral ~11000 kg 1704   Afanasiy Petrovich
31. Valletta, Malta, "Memorial Siege Bell" 10898 kg 1992   Taylor
32A. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Pretiosa" (second bell of a peal) ~10500 kg 1448   Brodermann & Cloit
32B. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (clock bell) ~10500 kg ?   ?
32C. Metz, France, Cathédrale, "la Mutte" ~10500 kg 1605   several
35. Reims, France, Cathédrale, "Charlotte" 10435 kg 1570   ?
36. Wien (Vienna), Austria, Stephansdom, , "Die Pummerin" (#1) 10400 kg 1558? 194_ ?
37. Hannover, Germany, Marktkirche 10360 kg 1960   F.W.Schilling
38. Mösern, Tirol, Austria, "Peace Bell" ~10180 kg 1997   Grassmayr
39A. Gifhorn, Germany, Open Air Museum, "Freiheitsglocke" 10100 kg 2007   Eijsbouts
39B. Scheyern, Germany, Klosterkirche Hl. Kreuz, "Christus Salvator" (bass bell of a peal) 10100 kg 2009   Perner
41. Pamplona, Spain, Cathedral, "María, La Mayor" ~10060 kg 1584   Pedro de Villanueva
42. Rouen, France, Cathedral, "Jeanne d'Arc" (#2) 10000 kg 1951 or 1959?   Paccard
43. Bern, Switzerland, Münster, "Grosse Glocke" 9940 kg 1611   A.Zehnder & P.Füssli
44. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 9830 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
45. Auch, Pays d'Oc, France, Cathédrale 9750 kg 18??   ?
46. Berlin, Germany, Schöneberg Rathaus (City Hall), "Freedom Bell" 9652 kg 1950   Gillett & Johnston
47. Kracow, Poland, Cathedral, "Sigismund" 11000 kg 1520   Hans Beham
48. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (bourdon of south tower carillon) ~9640 kg 1730   Willem Witlockx
49A. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Kunibertkirche 9600 kg 1990   Eijsbouts
49B. Berlin, Germany, Olympic Stadium, "Olympic Bell" (original) 9600 kg 1936   Bochumer Verein
51. Rouen, France, Cathedral 9500 kg ????   Paccard
52. Budapest, Hungary, St.Stephan's Basilica 9250 kg year?   Perner
53. Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 9200 kg 1994   Petit & Fritsen
54. Innsbruck, Austria, Jesuitenkirche 9050 kg 1959   Grassmayr
55. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (bourdon of north tower carillon) ~9025 kg 1730   Nicolas Levache
56. Strasbourg, France, Cathédrale Notre Dame, "Grande Cloche" (bass bell of a peal) 8900 kg 1427   Hans Gremp
57. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (lower belfry) (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 8884 kg 1???   ?
58. Delft, Netherlands, Oude Kerk ~8750 kg 1570   Henrich van Trier
59. Milano, Italy, "Maria Nascenta" ~8600 kg 1582   Giovanni Battista Busca
60. Birkirkara, Malta, St.Helen Basilica 8340 kg 1931   Barigozzi
61. Salzburg, Austria, Cathedral, "Rupertus" 8273 kg 1961   Oberascher
62. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Domtoren (Bass bell of a peal) 8227 kg 1505   Geert van Wou
63. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (bourdon of a carillon) 8160 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
64A. Pyhäsalmi, Finland, Vaskikello (steel) ~8000 kg 1928   Schilling & Lattermann
64B. Kiev, Ukraine, Cathedral (bourdon of a carillon) ~8000 kg 1997   ?   (Ukrainian)
64C. Maredsous, Namur, Belgium, Benedictine abbey church, "Elizabeth" ~8000 kg 1952   Causard or Slegers-Causard
64D. Muenchen, Bayern, Germany, Dom, "Susanna" ~8000 kg 1490   Hanns Ernst
68A. Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, Grote Kerk, "Salvator" (Bourdon of a peal) 7850 kg 1577   Henrich van Trier
68B. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Pummerin" 7850 kg 1951   Perner
70A. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (bourdon of a carillon) 7820 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
70B. Meissen, Germany, Dom 7820 kg 1928   Schilling (Apolda)
72. Bordeaux, France, St Eloi gate 7800 kg 1775   Turmeau
73. Lyon, France, Primatiale Saint-Jean, "Anne-Marie" 7700 kg 1722   Recordon
74. Catania, Sicily, Italy, Cathedral 7616 kg 1614   Giacomo Sanfilippo e Figli
75. Hamburg, Germany, "Millennium bell" 7542 kg 2000   Bachert
76. Valencia, Valenciana, Spain, "La Micalet" ~7514 kg 1539   Lluís Trilles
77. Amsterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands ~7500 kg 1636   Assueris Koster
78. Neustadt, Germany, Stiftskirche (2nd of a peal) 7350 kg 1949   Bochumer Verein
79. Fribourg, Switzerland, Cathedral, "Marienglocke" 7300 kg 1505   Petrus Monturiolis
80. Innsbruck, Austria, Cathedral 7168 kg 1???   Grassmayr
81. Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 7110 kg 1897 1940 Taylor
82. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, University Library (bourdon of a carillon) 7096 kg 1928   Gillett & Johnston
83. Dunkerque (Dunkirk), France, "Jean Bart" (sub-bourdon of a modern carillon) ~7000 kg 1???   ?
84. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica (bass bell of a peal) 6985 kg 2000   Mark
85. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica 6820 kg 1953 < 2007 Eijsbouts
86. Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Catedral del Apóstal Santiago 6660 kg 1989   Eijsbouts
87. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#2 bell of a carillon) 6620 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
88. Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Catedral del Apóstal Santiago, "Berenguela" 6611 kg 1729   Pedro Güemes
89A. Brussels, Belgium, Sint-Michielskathedraal, "Salvator" ~6600 kg 1638   P. de Clerck & P. vanden Ghein
89B. Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (Bourdon of a carillon) ~6600 kg 1984   Eijsbouts
89C. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Domtoren (Sub-bourdon of a carillon) ~6600 kg 1974   Eijsbouts
92. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#2 bell of a carillon) 6560 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
93. Hamburg, Germany, Katharinakirche 6500 kg 1626   Hans Neussel
94. Valletta, Malta, St.John's Co-Cathedral (bass bell of a zvon) ~6500 kg btwn 1660 & 1759?   ?
95A. Flanthey, Valais, Switzerland, Eglise Notre-Dame-des-sept-douleurs (sub-bass of a peal) ~6400 kg 1???   ?
95B. Regensburg, Germany, Dom, "Grosse Fürstin" 6400 kg 1696   J.G.Scheichshorn
97. Bern, Switzerland, Münster, "Mittagsglocke" 6395 kg 1583   F.Sermund
98. Herrenberg, Germany, Glockenmuseum 6370 kg 1999   Mark
99. Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands, Pandhof ~6350 kg 1541   W. & J. Moer
100. Avignon, Vaucluse, France, Cathédrale Notre-Dame-des-Doms, "Maria de Domnis" 6301 kg 1848   Pierre Pierron
101. Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands, St.Servaas 6270 kg 1983   Eijsbouts
102. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort plaza, "Roeland" (#1) ~6200 kg 1660   P.Hemony
103. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort, "Roeland" (#2) (bourdon of a carillon) 6200 kg 1948   Michiels
104. Köln, Germany, Katholische Pfarrgemeinde St Aposteln, "Johannes Paul II" 6165 kg 2005   Hans-Göran Hüesker
105. Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 6150 kg 1715   Noorden & de Grave
106. Kortrijk, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk, "Maria" ~6100 kg 1945   Michiels
107. Paris, France, Notre Dame Cathedral, "Marie" 6023 kg 2013   Eijsbouts
108A. Geneva, Switzerland, Cathédrale St.Pierre, "La Clémence" (sub-bass of a peal) ~6000 kg 1902   ?
108B. Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort, "Maria" ~6000 kg 1680   Melchior de Haze (Antwerpen)
108C. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (#2 bell of a carillon) ~6000 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
108D. Torun, Poland, Ss.Johns Cathedral, "Tuba Dei" ~6000 kg 1500   Schmidt
108E. Kracow, Poland, Wawel Royal Cathedral, "Stanisław" ~6000 kg 1463   T&ecedil;czyński
108F. Den Haag, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (Bourdon of a carillon) ~6000 kg 1514   Jasper & Jan Moer
114. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Misericordia" 5950 kg 1999   Perner
115. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Domtoren (Second bell of a peal) 5915 kg 1505   Geert van Wou
116. Toledo, Spain, Cathedral, "San Sebastián" 5835 kg 1681   Gregorio de Barcia
117A. Wien (Vienna), Austria, Cathedral, "Stephanus" 5700 kg 1960   Pfundner
117B. Rotterdam, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Stadhuis (bourdon of a carillon) 5700 kg 1948   Petit & Fritsen
119. München (Munich), Germany, Mariahilfkirche 5650 kg 19??   Czudnochowsky
120. Tourcoing, Nord, France, Église Saint-Christophe (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 5624 kg 1924   Charles Wauthy
121. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#3 bell of a carillon) 5608 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
122A. Berlin, Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church 5600 kg 1961   Rincker
122B. Stary Lichen, Poland, Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen, "Peter" 5600 kg 2002   Felczyński
122C. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Speciosa" (third bell of a peal) ~5600 kg 1449   Johannes (Hoerken) de Vechel
122D. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Stürmerin" 5600 kg 1733   Nikolaus Drach
126. Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, Grote Kerk, "Kromstaart" (Second of a peal) 5550 kg 1994   Eijsbouts
127. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica (second bell of a peal) 5530 kg 1999   Mark
128A. Douai, Nord, France, Hôtel de Ville (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1924   Wauthy
128B. Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (former bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1964   Petit & Fritsen
128C. Leiden, Zeeland, Netherlands, Stadhuis (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1938   Van Bergen
131A. Chambéry, Savoie, France (bourdon of a carillon) ~5500 kg 1992   Paccard
131B. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, University Library (#2 bell of a carillon) ~5500 kg 1928   Gillett & Johnston
131C. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, Sint-Baafskathedraal, "Bavo" ~5500 kg 1636   ?
134. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#3 bell of a carillon) 5440 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
135. Rouen, France, Cathedral ~5400 kg ????   Paccard
136. Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort (bourdon of a carillon) 5381 kg 1742-48   J. du Mery
137. Seville, Spain, Cathedral, "Santa Maria" ~5362 kg 1588   Balavarca
138. Speyer, Germany, Cathedral Basilica, "Kaiserglocke" (bass bell of a peal) 5350 kg 1822   Lindemann
139. Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium, O.L.V.Kathedraal (bourdon of a carillon) 5300 kg 1459   J.W.Hoerken
140. Strasbourg, France, Cathédrale Notre Dame 5285 kg 1595   Johann Jakob Miller
141. Rotterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands, City Hall (bourdon of a carillon) 5173 kg 1921 1943 Taylor
142. Düren, Germany, St.Annakirche, "Anna" 5050 kg 1964   Mabilon
143. Blois, Loir-et-Cher, France, Basilique ~5000 kg     ?
144. Perpignan, Pyrénées Orientales, France, Cathédrale Saint-Jean-Baptiste <5000 kg 1418   ?
145. Scheyern, Germany, Klosterkirche Hl. Kreuz, "Maria" (#2 bell of a peal) 4840 kg 2009   Perner
146. Niederalteich, Germany, Klosterkirche Niederaltaich, "Mauritius" 4820 kg 2003   Perner
147. Paderborn, Germany, Dom 4740 kg 1951   Bochumer Verein
148. Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands, Nieuwetoren (Bourdon of a carillon) ~4700 kg 1481   Geert van Wou
149. Saint-Amand-les-Eaux, Nord, France, Abbaye 4650 kg 1640   ?
150. Toledo, Spain, Cathedral, "Campana del Santo" 4632 kg 1682   Gregorio de Barcia
151. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#4 bell of a carillon) 4610 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
152. Bergues, Nord, France, Hôtel de Ville (#1 bell of a carillon) 4588 kg 1643   Blampain
153. Victoria, Gozo, Malta, Cathedral of the Assumption 4540 kg 2004   Taylor
154A. Bielefeld, Germany, Alte Nicolaikirche 4515 kg 1961   Rincker
154B. Xewkija, Gozo, Malta, Parish Church of St.John the Baptist 4515 kg 2006   Taylor
156A. Berlin, Germany, Olympic Stadium, "Olympic Bell" (replacement) 4500 kg c.1961   Bochumer Verein
156B. Regensburg, Germany, Dom St.Peter, "St.Michaelsglocke" 4500 kg 1961   Perner
158. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#4 bell of a carillon) 4460 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
159. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort (#2 bell of a carillon) 4459 kg 1659-61   P.Hemony
160. Lija, Gozo, Malta, Parish Church of Christ the Saviour 4344 kg 1947   Taylor
161. Qormi, Malta, Parish Church of St.Sebastian 4214 kg 1998   Taylor
162. Siggiewi, Malta, Parish Church of St Nicholas of Myra 4083 kg 1948   Taylor
163. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Domtoren (Third bell of a peal) 4273 kg 1505   Geert van Wou
164. Zhyrovichy, Belarus, Zhyrovichy Monastery ~4200 kg 2020   Voronezh
165. Solothurn, Switzerland, St.Ursus Cathedral (Bass bell of a chime) 4075 kg 1768   J. & J. Kaiser
166. Ath, Hainaut, Belgium, Eglise St.Julien (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 4070 kg 1952   Michiels
167. Venray, Limburg, Netherlands, St.Petrus Bandentoren (bass bell of a carillon) 4033 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
168. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#5 bell of a carillon) 4033 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
169. Valletta, Malta, St.Dominic Basilica 4008 kg year?   Taylor
170A. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (#3 bell of a carillon) ~4000 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
170B. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, Sint-Baafskathedraal, "Maria" ~4000 kg 1636   ?
170C. Saint-Maurice, Lower-Valais, Switzerland, Abbey (sub-bourdon of a carillon) ~4000 kg 1998   Paccard

Comments and analysis

Records:   There seems to be no particular pattern to the heaviest bell of each country - they are a mixture of all ages.

Geography:   The old Russian Orthodox Christian culture of enormously heavy bells hung dead and rung in various liturgical and rhythmical patterns is distinctly different from the campanological culture of the rest of Europe.  Therefore those bells are listed separately.

Throughout the rest of Europe, the geographical variations in campanological culture are relatively minor, at least with respect to great bells.  Not much can be said along that line until these listings are more nearly complete.

Founders:   Before the 19th century, all of the great bells in this region were "one-off" efforts on the part of their makers, who generally were local bellfounders.  In part this may be because the market for such bells was so thin during that period.  Beginning in the 20th century, the availability of modern transport made it possible for any founder's work to be shipped to anywhere in the world.


Return to the indexes to great bells.


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